Managing labour migration: The case of the Filipino and Indonesian domestic helper market in Hong Kong 17
Overview of the Indonesian Government Migration Infrastructure
National Board for Placement and Protection of Indonesian Overseas Workers (BNP2TKI)
Department of Manpower & Transmigration
Visa / Passport
Private Recruiting Agency (Broker/Calo)
=set and operated by the government =operated by the private sector
Source: Ignacio & Mejia, 2008
4.3 Restrictions on FDHs in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Government regulations are also protective of the employer and the domestic labor market. As such, FDHs cannot take up part-time or unauthorized work. In the event that their contract is prematurely terminated (currently the contract is for two years), a FDHs can only remain in Hong Kong until the limit of their stay or for two weeks21, whichever is shorter. Under exceptional circumstances, the Director of Immigration may allow the change of employer to occur before the contract expires and without requiring the domestic helper to return to their home country first.
21 Hong Kong’s “Two-week Rule” applies when the employment contract of an FDH is prematurely terminated. The rule was introduced in 1987 to guard against ‘job-hopping’ and illegal employment of migrant workers after dismissal.