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6

FINDINGS & ANALYSIS

The findings compiled in this section were obtained through fieldwork conducted in Hong Kong in January 2008 - specifically through the administration of the PAE-FDH Survey (referred to as the Survey) completed by 162 Filipino and Indonesian domestic helpers. The survey was designed to capture the economic cost of migration for employment; the qualitative differences in employment violations and vulnerabilities experienced across both FDH groups; and the awareness and utility of the various migration systems (from pre-departure to working abroad) made available to overseas workers by their sending governments in Hong Kong. The organization of the findings and analysis follows the structure of the original survey. Subject to further research, the findings suggest that higher migration infrastructures supported by both sending

and

receiving

states

improves

the

welfare

of

the

migrant

worker.

6.1 Foreign domestic helper demographics

Sex and nationality: Though male foreign domestic helpers exist in Hong Kong, the PAE-FDH Survey only captured the experience of female workers (who comprise the

major share of nationalities, the and Indonesians.

the sector). Similarly, Survey focused solely on

while Hong

most FDHs are of multiple Asian Kong’s largest populations: Filipinos

Age: Age was considered an important baseline variable, reflective of maturity and possible stronger knowledge base and awareness of the migration process. The age spread for surveyed FDHs ran from early 20s to early 50s. Filipino FDHs were observed to span a wider age range than Indonesian FDHs surveyed, from 23 to 53 years old and 21 to 42 years old, respectively (see Chart 1). Approximately 44 percent (n=64) of the Indonesians were 25 years old or younger, and over two-thirds were under the age of 30. The comparatively younger population of Indonesians surveyed may reflect the country’s younger demographics as well as its more recent entry into

Hong Kong’s FDH market. captured may be indicative of deeper understanding of Hong

Conversely, the relatively older Filipino their migration for employment tradition and Kong regulations and support services.

population subsequent

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