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Managing labour migration: The case of the Filipino and Indonesian domestic helper market in Hong Kong 27

FDH and community organizer who affirmed, “Agencies set their own prices,” ranging from “Php 5,000 to Php 20,000.” Similarly, these high training fees may be capturing payment for multiple trainings required of Filipina FDHs, including an assessment and skills certification. The survey, however, does not gather any information that may explain the payment variations in medical examinations.

Further recommended analysis includes the impact of the Philippine Household Service

Worker reform package, FDHs after December

which states that no placement fees shall 2006 and March 2007 for re-hires.

be paid by Filipino The administrative

legislation

also

states

that

Filipino

FDHs

must

obtain

skills

certification.

Therefore,

it

would before

be worthy to assess trends in placement and after the implementation of the law.

fees,

training,

and

skills

assessments

Signed contracts: An overwhelming majority of FDHs surveyed stated to have signed a contract prior to arriving in Hong Kong, 92 percent of Filipinos (n=75) and 94 percent of Indonesians (n=80). Only six Filipinos and five Indonesians claimed that they did not sign a contract prior to arriving in Hong Kong. In an interview, a Filipino FDH revealed, “[my] sister signed the contract in Hong Kong and sent it to the Philippines.” An Indonesian FDH stated she “never signed a contract,” but the recruitment agency had “explained [its] details” prior to departing for Hong Kong. Of those that signed contracts, seven Filipinos and nine Indonesians noted that the contract did not provide details regarding their employment conditions and responsibilities.

Legal Awareness

Filipinos

Indonesians

HK Labor Laws

38

18

HK Immigration Laws

33

14

Human Rights

27

14

Aware of all three

22

10

Aware of none

19

41

Note: No sample size is provided because question allowed for multiple responses. Source: PAE-FDH Survey

Awareness of rights: There are numerous laws in Hong Kong stated to protect as well as restrict the activities of FDHs. Assessing FDHs’ awareness of these laws can provide insight into the strength of labor migration infrastructures.

According to the Survey, Filipino FDHs reported greater awareness than Indonesians of at least one of the three categories of relevant labor migration laws -Hong Kong labor regulations, Hong Kong immigration legislations and international human rights law

6.3 Awareness

Table 3: FDH awareness of applicable Hong Kong laws

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