28 Emilyzen Ignacio and esenia Mejia
(see Table 3). Forty one (41) Indonesian FDHs were not aware of any of these legal resources prior to arriving in Hong Kong.
Source of legal information: When asked how they were made aware of these laws, surveyed FDHs responded in the following way: One Indonesian FDH claimed the government was responsible for her awareness compared to 23 Filipinos. This figure for Filipinos is lower than expected considering their requirement to attend a Pre- Departure Orientation Seminar (PDOS) prior to arriving in Hong Kong. One Filipina respondent revealed “[PDOS emphasized] remittance procedures [rather] than any Hong Kong laws.” Most Indonesians, on the other hand, credited their employment agency for informing them of at least one of these laws.
6.4 Training centers
Getting a sense of the domestic helpers’ experience at training centers in their home countries can provide insight into the efficacy (and intent) of such migration management tools. FDH experiences at training centers can influence the worker’s experience in the country of employment. As expressed by one Filipino and one Indonesian respondent, some training centers have excused their poor treatment and services by explaining such incidences as part of the FDH “conditioning” for work life in Hong Kong.
Frequency of reported violations: Of those surveyed, 57 percent (n=75) of Filipinos and 99 percent (n=82) of Indonesians confirmed attending training prior to departing for Hong Kong. The frequency of abuse and/or exploitation cited at the training centers are depicted in Table 4.
Type of Abuse
Table 4: Levels of abuse experienced by FDHs at Training Centers
Note: No sample size is provided because question allowed for multiple responses.
Source: PAE-FDH Survey
Relatively more Indonesians experienced any type of abuse when compared to Filipino respondents (see Table 4). This may or may not be correlated with the experiences of Indonesians in Hong Kong. Not enough data is available to test such a correlation.