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Managing labour migration: The case of the Filipino and Indonesian domestic helper market in Hong Kong 35

Passport possession: It is in direct violation of Hong Kong law –as well as international law– to withhold an individual’s personal identification papers or documents. Thirty six (36) percent (n=162) of all domestic helpers surveyed reported that they were not in possession of their passport (or held a copy of their documents). Notably, 51 (n=82) Indonesian maids surveyed relinquished their passports to either their employer or their employment agency –by contrast 7 Filipinos noted their employer held their passport (see Chart 7).

Chart 7

Passport Possession

80 70 60 50 Frequency 40 30 20 10 0

70

23

7

20

0

31

FDH (self)

Employer

Employment Agency

Entity in possession of FDH passport

Filipinos Indonesians

Note: n=151; 77 Filipinos and 74 Indonesians

Source: PAE-FDH Survey

6.9 State and social networks

In order to understand whether state migration infrastructure are succeeding –or misaligned– it is important to first observe whether they are being accessed: What perceptions do users of these services hold? Are FDHs aware of services available? While the administered survey was not able to accurately capture this information, it is

useful to surveyed

note the primary “go-to” overwhelmingly chose their

resources for FDHs country consulate as

in Hong Kong. Filipinos their primary resource in the

instance of n=55). By

any employment violation contrast, most Indonesian

(20 Filipinos, n=47 in contrast to 7 Indonesians, helpers said they would first consult with their

employment agency (12 they face problems with

Indonesians, n=55) or a shelter (12 Indonesians, their employer/contract (see Chart 8).

n=55)

should

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