Due to globalization and the changing FDH market in Hong Kong, the need for effective migration infrastructures is now greater than ever. As highlighted in the
previous section, FDHs are facing sizeable and rising costs –from financing migration for employment to serious human rights and contract violations.
following initiatives should be undertaken in a proactive management that prioritizes migrant worker welfare.
7.1 Addressing top FDH concerns in Hong Kong
Filipino and Indonesian FDHs interviewed highlighted overcharging, denied rest days, and early termination as top employment concerns. While Hong Kong labor laws
protect against all three infringements, present regarding enforcement jurisdictions have left
systematic loopholes and ambiguity
documented in debt from their
this and previous reports, these migration and lack job security.
migrant workers carry hefty financial This reality coupled by the increased
labor supply has transformed the FDH competitive industry. Moreover, heavy
labor market in Hong Kong into a growing dependency on private recruitment firms for
livelihoods has many FDHs silently paying desperate and often uninformed FDHs have
excessive agency fees. As a become less willing to report
result, many violations or
access reconciliation services to begin addressing these
offered by both sending and receiving states. In an effort three identified employment concerns, the following
initiatives should be supported:
¾ Call for enhanced tracking system of early terminations.
receiving states track the rate and type of employment violations; however, presently qualitative data regarding the reasons behind premature termination are not captured by any government entity. By capturing this information,
states can begin to understand the current migration infrastructures.
sources of job insecurity and weaknesses of For example, if an employer cites poor
training as the reason behind termination, greater attention can be drawn to quality of preparatory services states are providing in pre-departure stages.