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7

RECOMMENDATIONS

Due to globalization and the changing FDH market in Hong Kong, the need for effective migration infrastructures is now greater than ever. As highlighted in the

previous section, FDHs are facing sizeable and rising costs –from financing migration for employment to serious human rights and contract violations.

their The

following initiatives should be undertaken in a proactive management that prioritizes migrant worker welfare.

stance

to

improve

migration

7.1 Addressing top FDH concerns in Hong Kong

Filipino and Indonesian FDHs interviewed highlighted overcharging, denied rest days, and early termination as top employment concerns. While Hong Kong labor laws

protect against all three infringements, present regarding enforcement jurisdictions have left

systematic loopholes and ambiguity

FDHs

especially

vulnerable.

As

documented in debt from their

this and previous reports, these migration and lack job security.

migrant workers carry hefty financial This reality coupled by the increased

labor supply has transformed the FDH competitive industry. Moreover, heavy

labor market in Hong Kong into a growing dependency on private recruitment firms for

livelihoods has many FDHs silently paying desperate and often uninformed FDHs have

excessive agency fees. As a become less willing to report

result, many violations or

access reconciliation services to begin addressing these

offered by both sending and receiving states. In an effort three identified employment concerns, the following

initiatives should be supported:

¾ Call for enhanced tracking system of early terminations.

Sending and

receiving states track the rate and type of employment violations; however, presently qualitative data regarding the reasons behind premature termination are not captured by any government entity. By capturing this information,

states can begin to understand the current migration infrastructures.

sources of job insecurity and weaknesses of For example, if an employer cites poor

training as the reason behind termination, greater attention can be drawn to quality of preparatory services states are providing in pre-departure stages.

the

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