X hits on this document

307 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

56 / 86

46 Emilyzen Ignacio and esenia Mejia

ANNEX I.

PHILIPPINE MIGRATION INFRASTRUCTURE

GOVERNMENT POLICY The labor migration of Filipino nationals is heavily regulated by the Philippine

government through three major elements.

The first element is the

Overseas

Employment

Agency

(POEA),

which

regulates

the

overseas

Philippine recruitment

and employment industry. The Administration (OWWA), the

second element lead agency that

is the Overseas seeks to promote

Workers Welfare the well-being and

welfare

of

member

Overseas

Filipino

Workers

(OFWs)

and

their

families.30

Finally,

there are labor

attaches

Overseas Labor

Offices

countries.

31

sanctioned at embassies, consulates, and satellite Philippine (POLOs) abroad to provide assistance to migrants in host

Additional government agencies may directly or indirectly contribute to the migration process for Filipinos. For instance, the Department of Health accredits the medical clinics where OFWs obtain medical certifications and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) also accredit assessment centers and provide migrants with necessary skills certificates. 32

PRE-DEPARTURE Prior to January 15, 2008, Filipinos could legally obtain overseas employment in one of two ways—direct hire (also called name hire) or through a licensed private recruitment agency. The POEA Memorandum Circular No. 4 (MC NO. 4), Series of 2007, however, limits the use of direct hiring for a class of exempt foreign employers and those that obtain the prior approval of the Philippine Secretary of Labor.33 Because the Filipino migrants surveyed for this PAE attained their employment prior to MC NO. 4, it is noteworthy to further elaborate upon the direct hire and recruitment agency processes for OFWs.

30 Overseas Workers Welfare Administration. “About Us.” http://www.owwa.gov.ph/page/about_us/. 2007. Accessed February 2008.

31 Manolo Abella, et al. “Conference Note: Best Practices to Manage Migration: The Philippines.International Migration Review. Vol. 38 (4). Winter 2004. pg. 1545.

32 Philippine Overseas Employment Agency. “Registration of Name Hire (Household Workers).” http://poea.gov.ph/ofw/namehire_dh.html. August 22, 2007. Accessed February 2008.

33 Philippine Overseas Employment Agency. “Questions and Answers on POEA Memorandum Circular No. 04. Series of 2007 On Guidelines on Direct Hiring of Overseas Filipino Workers” http://www.poea.gov.ph/mc/Q&A%20DirectHiring.pdf. Accessed February 2008.

Document info
Document views307
Page views307
Page last viewedSun Dec 04 12:45:35 UTC 2016
Pages86
Paragraphs2207
Words20246

Comments