NASA received 8,079 applications during a year-long recruiting
period which ended June 30, 1977.
Since August, 208 finalists have been interviewed and have
undergone medical examinations at NASA's Johnson Space Center, Houston,
After two years of training and evaluation at the Johnson Space
Center, successful candidates will become astronauts and enter the
Shuttle training program leading to selection on a Space Shuttle
Pilots will operate the Space Shuttle Orbiter, maneuvering
in Earth orbit and flying it to Earth for a runway landing.
Mission specialist astronauts will have the overall responsibility
for the coordination, with the commander and pilot, of Space Shuttle
operations in the areas of crew activity planning, consumables usage,
and other Space Shuttle activities affecting experiment operations.
They may participate in extravehicular activities (space walks),
perform special payload handling or maintenance operations using the
Space Shuttle remote manipulator system, and assist in specific
experiment operation at the discretion of the experiment sponsor.
The newly selected candidates include 14 civilians and 21 military
There are currently 27 astronauts on active status (17 pilots and
10 scientist astronauts) and one on leave of absence.
A list of the new astronaut candidates is attached.