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CHAPTER THIRTY FIVE: AMERICAN LIFE IN THE ROARING - page 10 / 20

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Indian Reorganization Acttribal self-government

reversed Dawes Act

native traditions encouraged

Fair Labor Standards Actminimum wage, maximum hours

no child labor under 16

Labor:

John Lewis of United Mine Workersformed Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) under the AFL> AFL kicked out because they allowed unskilled>Lewis renamed Congress of Industrial Organization> moved into auto industry & developed sit-down strike technique

Election of 1936

Alfred Landon – Republicancondemned New Deal as radical & wasteful

American Liberty League                fought socialistic New Deal; “remember Hoover”

FDR**

20th amendmentPresident sworn in in January, not March

Court Packing PlanFAILED

-to combat ultra-conservative Supreme Court

-FDR wanted to add justice for every current justice over 70 years old who would not retire up to a maximum of 15 justices

** FDR called “dictator”, accused of wrecking checks & balances

Depression of 1937

social security taxes kicking in

FDR recommended planned deficit spending (Keynesian economic theory)

Hatch Actbarred federal officials from active soliciting

forbade use of gov. funds for political purposes

PROBLEMS WITH NEW DEAL

deficit

states’ rights ignored

dictatorship of “do-gooders”

executive control

failure to cure the depression

BENEFITS OF NEW DEAL

reform without revolution: neither communism or fascism took over

gave people hope

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