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CHAPTER THIRTY FIVE: AMERICAN LIFE IN THE ROARING - page 11 / 20

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CHAPTER THIRTY EIGHT:  FDR & THE SHADOW OF WAR

London Economic Conference – 193366 nations to attack global depression

stabilize currencies & revive trade

FDR denounced

Recognition of USSR – 1933possible ally against Japan

trade partner

Tydings McDuffie Act – 1934Philippines to be free after 12 years of political & economic tutelage

Good Neighbor Policy

part of FDRs inaugural address

to help defend western hemisphere

Pan-American Conference – 1933policy of non-intervention

marines left Haiti

Platt Amendment w/drawn re: Cuba

Reciprocal Trade Agreement – 1934reversed high tariff policies

Other International Affairs

Rome-Berlin Axis formed – 1936

Tokyo terminated Washington Naval Treaty – 1934

Mussolini attacked Ethiopia – 1935

Spanish Civil War – 1936-1939

USA Isolationism

disillusionment from WWI

defaulting EuropeansJohnson Debt Default Plan – no defaulting nation could borrow further from USA

desire for Constitutional amendment forbidding war except in case of attack

Nye Committeefound munitions makers helped cause war for profits

Neutrality Acts – 1935, 36, 37when foreign war proclaimed, no American could sail on a belligerents ship or give loans or arms to belligerent nation

Aggression

Japanese invasion of China – 1937

FDR’s Quarantine Speecheconomic embargoes on aggressors

-drew angry response from isolationists

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