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CHAPTER THIRTY FIVE: AMERICAN LIFE IN THE ROARING - page 14 / 20

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CHAPTER THIRTY NINE:  AMERICA IN WORLD WAR II

“Get Hitler First” strategy

                                      needed to:end New Deal reforms

reorganize for war production

hope Germany would not defeat Britain

Japanese-Americans:

                                  Internment Camps10 in western USA

110,000 people

lost property & dignity

                                 Korematsu v. US- Sup. Ct. okayed internment

                                 US apologized – 1988-pd. $20,000 to survivors

Economic Regulations & Labor

War Production Boardchanged factories to war production

Office of Price Administrationregulated prices, enforced rationing

War Labor Boardset wage ceilings

            Smith Actgov. could seize industries tied up in labor disputes

allowed no striking in gov. industries

Bracero Programbrought in Mexican agricultural workers

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Zoot Suit riots

Industrial “Boom Towns” createdDetroit, LA, Seattle, Baton Rouge

Women6 million working= 460% increase

“Rosie the Riveter”

BlacksA. Phillip Randolph – threatened march on Washington

**FDR issued executive order forbidding discrimination in defense industries

-race riot in Detroit

-NAACP membership up

-CORE founded

-northern migration continued due to mechanized cotton picker in South

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