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CHAPTER THIRTY FIVE: AMERICAN LIFE IN THE ROARING - page 15 / 20

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IndiansNavajo “code-talkers”

movement to cities

Economy

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GNP more than doubled

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personal income more than doubled

government intervention- rationing

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employment

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housing, daycare, health care

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Office of Research & Development

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income taxes went up

- National Debt quintupled

War in the Pacific

Japanese won: Guam, Wake, Hong Kong, Burma, New Guinea, Solomon Islands,

Philippines- MacArthur: “I shall return”

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remaining Americans forced on Bataan Death March

MidwayUS Victory

Turned tide of war in the Pacific

“Island Hopping”US strategy of heading toward Tokyo

Meanwhile:  continuous bombing of Japan

War in Europe

Stalingrad – 1942bogged down Hitler in Russia

Soviets wanted 2nd fronthappened in Africa to divert Hitler’s forces

Casablanca Conference – 1943Churchill & FDR

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step up fighting in Pacific

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invade Sicily

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demand unconditional surrender

Italy surrendered – 1943Germans kept fighting within Italy

Tehran Conference – 1943Stalin, FDR, Churchill

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developed 3 pronged attack on Germany

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