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CHAPTER THIRTY FIVE: AMERICAN LIFE IN THE ROARING - page 16 / 20

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D-Day – June 6, 1944-France liberated in August

-led to Battle of the Bulge – Hitler’s last offensive

Election of 1944

Dewey- Rep. continue war

organize for peace

FDR**-picked Harry Truman for new VP

-4th term

Roosevelt died of brain hemorrhage soon after inauguration

Fall of Berlin

Soviets reached first> Hitler committed suicide

May 8, 1945 = V-E Day

Pacific

OkinawaJapanese fought hard

in desperation began using kamikazes

US plans for invading Japanese mainland:Japan sent peace feelers to Moscow

did not want unconditional surrender

wanted to keep emperor

Potsdam Conference – 1945Truman, Stalin, Churchill

news of atomic bomb

“Surrender or be destroyed” to Japan

Use of atomic bomb:

tested in July

Aug. 6 – Hiroshima hitUSSR jointed USA forces against Japan

Manchuria taken from Japanese

Aug, 9 – Nagasaki hit

Aug. 10 – Japan surrenderedemperor allowed – only as figurehead

RESULTS OF WWII

1 million casualties – 300,000 deaths

USA displayed military leadership

economic boom

“Super Power”

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