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CHAPTER THIRTY FIVE: AMERICAN LIFE IN THE ROARING - page 18 / 20

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Marshall Planplan for European economic recovery

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$12.5 billion, 4 years, 16 countries

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“economic miracle”

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no $ for USSR

National Security Act  1947created Dept. of Defense

Pentagon

Joint Chiefs of Staff

Nat. Sec. Council & Advisor

Central Intelligence Agency

NATO – 1949attack on one = attack on all

12 nations (15 by 1955)

JAPAN

reconstruction headed by MacArthur

War Criminal Trials7 hanged, 18 sentenced

new Constitution – 1946based on American

denounced militarism

CHINA

Communist 1949revolution led by Mao Tse Tung (Zedong)

Jiang fled to Taiwan

ARMS RACE

1945 – USA Atomic Bomb

1949 – USSR Atomic Bomb

1952 – USA Hydrogen Bombtested at Bikini Atoll

1953 – USSR Hydrogen Bomb

Anti – Communism at Home

Loyalty Review Board – 1947non-commuist oaths by fed. employees

House Un-American Activities Committee

Alger Hiss Trial -1948

Rosenbergs – 1951electric chair – 1953

Joe McCarthysaid communists in State Dept.

ruined countless careers

attacked US Army > televised hearings

      ** McCarthy looked foolish

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