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CHAPTER THIRTY FIVE: AMERICAN LIFE IN THE ROARING - page 2 / 20

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Scopes TrialButler Law in Tenn. forbid teaching anything but Creationism

Scopes indicted for teaching evolution

Darrow defending Scopes, Bryan defending Tenn.

** showed Fundamentalism vs. modern science

Education

Progressive idealscompulsory attendance until 16 or 18

Dewey – learn by doing

ECONOMY

Mass consumptionadvertising

Bruce BartonThe Man Nobody Knows

Jesus the best advertiser ever

assembly line perfected= mass production

buying on creditinstallment buying

Sec. of the Treasury – Andrew MellonTax Cuts:  abolish gift tax, reduce excess profits tax, excise taxes, income & estate taxes

National Debt increased to $23 billion

Wall StreetBull Market

speculation in stocksbuying “on margin”

Industry

Frederick TaylorScientific Management – time/motion studies

FordModel T ($260)

1 car for every 5 Americans

Automobilesspurred rubber, glass, fabric, highways, service stations, gasoline, etc.

completely changed life:leisure time spent joyriding

suburbs created

deaths and injuries

immoral youth

families split up

improved air & environment

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