Innovation typology in tourism
Accordingly, organizations may be part of networks or innovation systems or remain independent. However, the fact that organizations operate in the market implies that they are always influenced by external actors and technological trajectories.
To sum up, collaboration with the environment is an important determinant for innovation. Economical, social, institutional, cultural and geographical factors influence the development of different types of networks and innovation systems. Success in the tourism industry might be achieved through collaboration in local environments, thus enhancing the competitive advantage of destinations. However, the determinants of innovation in the tourism sector can also be found outside the sector (Hjalager 2002). Consequently, it is important to enhance collaboration between the different actors in the tourism industry as well as with other actors outside the sector.
The development of innovation systems in tourism is related to the existence of specific actors as well as long-term relationships. Thus, cohesion between actors in a destination enhances the development of the industry. Furthermore, in order to avoid lock-in situations, innovation systems should not only rely on localized learning. They should also acquire knowledge from outside the destination.