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Active Voice คือ รูปของกริยาซึ่งประธานเป็นผู้กระทำโดยตรง - page 2 / 16

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Passive Voice  :

อย่างไรก็ดี  หลักโดยละเอียดในการเปลี่ยน  Active Voice ให้เป็น Passive Voice นั้น  ให้ศึกษาได้จากตารางต่อไปนี้

1.

ใน Tense ต่าง

Active Voice

Passive Voice

1.  Present Simple

    -  The teacher punishes the boy.

    -  Do you always laugh at him?

is , am , are +V3

-  The boy is punished by the teacher.

-  Is he always laughed at by you ?

2. Present Continuous

    -  The painters are painting our house.

    -  Are the students doing the exercise?

is , am , are + being +V3

-  Our house is being painted by the painters.

-  Are the exercises being done by the students?

3. Present Perfect

    -  They have built a new hotel.

    -  Has the boy caught a bird?

has , have + being +V3

-  A new hotel has been built by them.

-  Has a bird been caught by the boy ?

4. Past Simple

    -  My sister wrote a letter.

    -  Did the servant polish Tom’s shoes?

was , were +V3

-  A letter was written by my sister.

- Were Tom’s shoes polished by the servant?

5. Past Continuous

    -  While Jane was introducing me,      the  telephone rang.

    -  Weren’t they digging this hole when       you went past yesterday?

was , were + being +V3

-  While I was being introduced by Jane,    the telephone rang.

-  Wasn’t this hole being dug by them              whom you went past yesterday?

6. Past Perfect

    -  The guests had eaten all the food.

    -  Had he seen you before?

had been +V3

-  All the food had been eaten by the guests.

-  Had you been seen by him before?

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