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Active Voice คือ รูปของกริยาซึ่งประธานเป็นผู้กระทำโดยตรง - page 6 / 16

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เราไม่จำเป็นต้องใช้คำว่า by people เพราะเราเห็นแน่ชัดแล้วว่าภาษาอิตาเลียนนั้นต้องมีคนเป็นผู้พูด (by people)

2)

Men have climbed Mount Everest many times.  (Active Voice)

Mount Everest has been climbed many times.  (Passive Voice)

ประโยคนี้ไม่จำเป็นจะต้องถามว่าใครเป็นผู้ปีนเขา  เพราะฉะนั้นจึงไม่ต้องใส่คำว่า by men

3)

คำ   Personal Pronoun  เช่น me , you , us , him , her , them ไม่ต้องใส่ไว้หลัง by ในประโยค Passive Voice

=   They will build a new road through here soon.

=   A new road will be built through here soon.

=  She is cooking the dinner now.

=   The dinner is being cooked now.

4)

คำ  Everyone , Everybody , Someone , Somebody , No one , Nobody  ม่ต้องใส่ไว้ในประโยค  Passive Voice เช่น

=   Everyone must obey the law.  (Active Voice)

=   The law must be obeyed.  (Passive Voice)

=  Everybody learns English in this school.  (Active Voice)

=   English is learned in this school.  (Passive Voice)

=   Someone has stolen my money.  (Active Voice)

=   My money has been stolen.  (Passive Voice)

=  No one ever obeys Tom.  (Active Voice)

=   Tom is never obeyed.  (Passive Voice)

EXERCISE : I ประโยค PASSIVE VOICE ที่ไม่ต้องการ PREPOSITION ‘BY’

EXERCISE 15

A.

Rewrite these sentences using passive form. Think why you do not need to use ‘by’ agent.

1.

Someone knocked Jimmy down and broke his leg yesterday.

Yesterday Jimmy was knocked down and his leg was broken.

2.

They were painting the fence when someone told them to stop.

The fence was being painted when they were told to stop.

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