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Active Voice คือ รูปของกริยาซึ่งประธานเป็นผู้กระทำโดยตรง - page 9 / 16

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The pupils should obey the teacher.

The teacher should be obeyed.

II.

ประโยค  Active Voice  ที่มีกรรม 2 ตัว  (double objects)  สามารถทำเป็น Passive Voice ได้ 2 แบบ

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The Headmistress gave me a prize.  (Active Voice)

แบบที่ 1        I was given a prize by the Headmistress.

แบบที่ 2        A prize was given to me by the Headmistress.

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They showed us the palace where the Royal family lived.  (Active Voice)

แบบที่ 1        We were shown the palace where the Royal family lived.

แบบที่ 2        The palace where the Royal family lived was shown to us.

แม้ว่าทั้ง 2 แบบ  จะถูกต้องทั้งคู่  แต่ก็นิยมใช้แบบที่ 1  คือเอา Personal Object ซึ่งเป็นกรรมรองมาเป็นประธานของประโยค  Passive Voice

EXERCISE : PASSIVE VOICE  II. , III. , IV.

EXERCISE 16

Change the following sentences into the Passive Voice with a personal subject.

1.

They showed me a lovely necklace.

I was shown a lovely necklace.

2.

A friend lent me that pen.

I was lent that pen by a friend.

3.

I gave him a cake for his birthday.

He was given a cake for his birthday.

4.

Did he offer you the job I told you about ?

Were you offered the job you were told about?

5.

Did anyone send you the photographs ?

Were you sent the photographs?

6.

The teacher asked them a very difficult question.

They were asked a very difficult question by the teacher.

7.

His father promised him a bicycle if he passed the examination.

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