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Timeline of Quinine Use

1633, a Jesuit priest named Father Calancha described how to use quinine bark to cure fevers

1645 Father Bartolome Tafur took some bark to Rome and many of the clergy used it

Cardinal John de Lugo wrote a pamphlet to be distributed with the bark - use of the bark became so widespread that in the papal conclave of 1655 no one died of malaria

1654 – English aware of use of quinine bark

1735, a French botanist named Joseph de Jussieu journeyed to South America and found and described the tree that is the source of the bark - he sent samples to Sweden where in 1739, Carl Linneaus named the tree genus Cinchona

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