Stages of Collaboration1
There are various ways to conceptualize the stages/degrees of collaboration and teaming:
Coadunation/ Unifying/ Transforming
Transform and Adjourn
Norm and Perform
Storm and Order
Assemble and Form
Gajda Model (2004)
Peterson Model (1991)
Hogue Levels of Community Linkage Model (1993)
Bailey and Koney Model (2000)
Groups exist with no collaboration among them
Getting to know one another and their tasks
Sharing common-alities and differences
Developing common ground and a plan of action
Working together to implement, monitor and evaluate the plan
When plan is complete, make a decision to continue as a team w/ new issues or reconstitute the team
1 Bailey, D. & Koney, K. (2000). Strategic alliances among health and human services organizations: From affiliations to consolidations. (Abr. ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Gajda, R. (2004). Utilizing Collaboration Theory to Evaluate Strategic Alliances American Journal of Evaluation, 25, (1), 65–77.
Peterson, N.L. (1991). Interagency collaboration under Part H: The key to comprehensive, multidisciplinary, coordinated infant/toddler intervention services. Journal of Early Intervention, 15(1), 89-105.
Hogue, T. (1993). Community-based collaboration: Community wellness multiplied. Bend, OR: Chandler Center for Community Leadership. Retrieved April 21, 2004, from http://crs.uvm.edu/nnco/collab/wellness.html
Frey, B.B., Lohmeier, J.H., Lee, S.W., & Tollefson, N. (2006). Measuring collaboration among grant partners. American Journal of Evaluation, 27 (3), 383-392.
Collab & Coord notes for TA&D 10-15-081