Hepatitis B Vaccine
CONSUMER MEDICINE INFO
WHAT IS IN THIS LEAFLET
This leaflet answers some of the common questions about ENGERIX-B vaccine. It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
All medicines and vaccines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the possible risks of you having ENGERIX-B against the expected benefits.
If you have any concerns about receiving ENGERIX- B talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with this vaccine. You may need to read it again.
WHAT ENGERIX-B IS USED FOR
ENGERIX-B is a vaccine used to protect you or your child against hepatitis B infection. The vaccine works by causing your body to produce its own protection (antibodies) against this disease. ENGERIX-B can be given to adults, adolescents, children and infants.
Hepatitis B is an infectious disease, which causes the liver to become swollen (inflamed). It is caused by a virus (hepatitis B virus). The virus is found in body fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal secretions, or saliva
RMATION LEAFLET of infected people. You can catch the virus if it can enter your bloodstream. Ways this can happen are through:
injection (e.g. needlestick injury, or sharing needles for IV drug use)
sores, cuts or tiny wounds coming into contact with infected fluids (e.g. from a human bite, sharing razors or toothbrushes, or working with human blood or body fluids)
an infected mother passing the virus onto her baby during or shortly after birth.
Some people infected with hepatitis B may not look or feel sick. But others will get symptoms, which may not be seen for 6 weeks to 6 months after infection. Sometimes people will only have mild flu-like symptoms, but other people can become very ill. They may be extremely tired, and have dark urine, pale faeces, yellowish skin and/or eyes (jaundice), and other symptoms possibly requiring hospitalisation.
Most adults fully recover from the disease. But some people, particularly children, who may not have had symptoms can remain infected. They are called hepatitis B virus carriers. Hepatitis B carriers can infect others throughout their lives.
Babies infected with hepatitis B at birth almost always become carriers. Often they do not show symptoms, and seem healthy for many years. However, after 30, 40 or 50 years they can become sick and develop symptoms.
For all chronic hepatitis B carriers there is a risk of serious liver disease, such as cirrhosis (liver scarring) and liver cancer.
There is no specific treatment for hepatitis B. Therefore vaccination is the best way to help protect against infection and possible serious long-term disease.
ENGERIX-B will not protect against hepatitis caused by other agents or viruses (such as hepatitis A, hepatitis C, hepatitis E). If a person is already infected with the hepatitis B virus at the time of vaccination, ENGERIX-B may not prevent the disease in these people.
BEFORE RECEIVING ENGERIX-B
DO NOT HAVE ENGERIX-B IF :
you have had an allergic reaction to ENGERIX-B, or any ingredient listed at the end of this leaflet. Signs of an allergic reaction may include skin rash, itchiness, shortness of breath, or swelling of the face, neck or tongue.
If you had ENGERIX-B before and became unwell, tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before receiving the next dose.
you have had an allergic reaction to H-B-Vax II, or another hepatitis B vaccine.
you have a severe infection with a high temperature. A minor infection such as a cold