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Report No. D-2009-091 - page 8 / 32





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Psychological Operations

Joint Publication 3-53, “Doctrine for Joint Psychological Operations,” September 5, 2003, states that psychological operations (PSYOP) “are planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence the emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals.” PSYOP are an integral part of military operations and are an inherent responsibility of all military commanders.

Public Affairs Joint Publication 3-61, “Public Affairs,” May 9, 2005, defines public affairs (PA) as:

Those public information, command information, and community relations activities directed toward both the external and internal publics with interest in the Department of Defense . . . The mission of joint public affairs is to support the JFC [Joint Force Commander] by communicating truthful and factual unclassified information about Department of Defense (DOD) activities to US, allied, national, international, and internal audiences.

Joint Publication 3-61 states that:

Although both PA and IO require planning, message development, and media analysis, the efforts differ with respect to audience, scope, and intent, and must remain separate . . . PA capabilities are related to IO, but PA is not an IO discipline or PSYOP tool . . . PA must be aware of the practice of PSYOP, but should have no role in planning or executing these operations.

Federal Acquisition Regulation

The FAR is the primary regulation used by all Federal Executive agencies in their acquisition of supplies and services. For the purpose of this report, we relied on FAR sections related to pre-award, source selection, and contract award, including FAR Part 4, “Administrative Matters”; Part 12, “Acquisition of Commercial Items”; Part 15, “Contracting by Negotiation”; and Subpart 16.5, “Indefinite-Delivery Contracts.”

United States Central Command

U.S. Central Command was established on January 1, 1983, and is located at MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa, Florida. The command has an area of responsibility that consists of 20 countries in the Middle East and Southwest Asia, with a mission to promote development and cooperation among nations, respond to crises, and deter or defeat state and transnational aggression in order to establish regional security and stability.

MNF-I, formed on May 15, 2004, conducts operations to defeat remaining noncompliant forces and neutralize destabilizing influences in Iraq in order to create a secure environment.


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