Uncoated groundwood– similar in composition to coated groundwood but without the coating, used primarily for directory stock, lesser quality drawing and writing paper, black and white publications, and relatively short-lived color publications, such as newspaper inserts.
Newsprint– a low quality uncoated groundwood paper designed exclusively for newspapers and similar publications commonly disposed of within a day. 17
CFS paper is still the highest quality segment of the five major types of graphic paper. All coated paper, whether groundwood or free sheet, is used for printing purposes as the clay coating provides an exceptionally smooth, bright surface for printing. Smoothness, opacity, brightness, printability, and finish18 are important performance specifications for CFS paper. End-use products/markets for CFS paper reportedly include the following:
Labels and wraps
1 Includes annual and other financial reports; color copy paper; base stock for gift wrap and greeting cards; other advertising materials (inserts, flyers, coupons); other business products; and some comic books.
Source: ***, as presented in petitioner’s postconference brief, exh. 1, p. 20.
CFS paper is manufactured in basis weights ranging from *** (25" x 38" 500 sheets) or *** grams per square meter.19 Reportedly, the minimum basis weight for CFS paper is about 45 pounds because below that weight CFS paper would lack the necessary opacity.20 The weight of the coating adds at least 6.5 pounds per side and typically 8 to 9 pounds per side to a sheet of CFS paper, and the total coating weight can be as much as 30 to 40 pounds for premium C2S products.21
The principle upstream product of CFS paper is wood pulp. Hardwood pulp is the predominant component of CFS paper22 as the shorter hardwood fibers are necessary for adequate smoothness.
17 Coated Groundwood Paper from Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, Inv. Nos. 731- TA-487-490 (Final), USITC Publication 2467, December 1991, p. A-6.
19 Basis weight is a traditional measure of the weight of paper, expressed as the weight in pounds of a ream of paper (traditionally 500 sheets) of a given size (the basis). ***. Metric paper weights are always expressed in terms of grams per square meter. ***.