more frequently than monthly; measurement and recording of basic vital functions and weight; dietary management including provision of special diets, monitoring nutrition, and observing the resident’s food and fluid intake and output; assistance with self-administered medications; or the administration of medications and treatments pursuant to a health care provider’s order. If the individual needs assistance with self-administration the facility must inform the resident of the qualifications of staff who will be providing this assistance, and if unlicensed staff will be providing such assistance, obtain the resident’s or the resident’s surrogate, guardian, or attorney- in-fact’s informed consent to provide such assistance; supervision of residents with dementia and cognitive impairments; health education and counseling and the implementation of health- promoting programs and preventive regimes; provision or arrangement for rehabilitation services; and provision of escort services to health-related appointments.
Other supportive services that may be provided include social service needs, counseling, emotional support, networking, assistance securing social and leisure services, shopping, escort, companionship, family support, information and referral, transportation, and assistance developing and implementing self-directed activities. In addition, facilities provide on-going medical and social evaluation, dietary management, and medication administration.
ECC facilities may not provide oral or nasopharyngeal suctioning, assistance with nasogastric tube feeding, monitoring of blood gasses, intermittent positive pressure breathing therapy, skilled rehabilitative services; or treatment of surgical incisions, unless the surgical incision and the condition which caused it have been stabilized and a plan of care developed.
ECC facilities are allowed to use managed risk agreements which is defined as “the process by which the facility staff discuss the service plan and the needs of the resident with the resident and, if applicable, the resident’s representative or designee or the resident’s surrogate, guardian, or attorney in fact, in such a way that the consequences of a decision, including any inherent risk, are explained to all parties and reviewed periodically in conjunction with the service plan, taking into account changes in the resident’s status and the ability of the facility to respond accordingly.”
“Shared responsibility” means exploring the options available to a resident within a facility and the risks involved with each option when making decisions pertaining to the resident’s abilities, preferences, and service needs, thereby enabling the resident and, if applicable, the resident’s representative or designee, or the resident’s surrogate, guardian, or attorney in fact, and the facility to develop a service plan which best meets the resident’s needs and seeks to improve the resident’s quality of life.
The state’s tenth edition of the recommended dietary allowances is the standard used to evaluate meals. The rules specify the servings of protein, vegetables, fruits, bread and starches, milk, fats, and water that must be served. All special diets must be reviewed annually by a registered dietician, licensed dietician/nutritionist, or a dietetic technician supervised by a register dietician or nutritionist. Therapeutic diets must be prepared as ordered by a health