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Introduction to the Project on Bioethics for Informed Choices - page 11 / 115





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Bioethics Education541

matters become the model for the community.

In independent learning situations, it is important that the teacher defers responsibility for the learning to the students. Although the teacher provides the information and gives instructions, ultimately it is the responsibility of the students to interpret and understand the information. Knowing how much guidance to give and when to leave students to their own devices is problematic for teachers, particularly if students consider that the teacher should tell them what to do.

Facilitation requires offering students opportunities to make decisions and solve problems on their own, without being told what to do at all times. It requires making decisions about teaching approaches and activities that will help broaden students’ understandings and help them develop learning skills. The ultimate aim is for teachers to establish positive interactions within the classroom through a commitment to using the wisest way to facilitate learning.

Appendix 1   Student Research Guide

Guidelines for  Contemporary Biological Issues Essay

You are to investigate a contemporary biological issue and make informed judgments on any social, ethical, or environmental implications.

The issue we will consider is the bioethics of cancer management. Your assessment task will be to write an essay in the UB examination.

The skills you would find useful to study this section include:

Reading skills (eg. SQ3R)

Note taking skills

Researching skills

Writing skills

Essay writing skills

Strategies you can use include:



Asking questions

Checking and revising

Self-directed learning will require you to be able to identify your own particular learning needs, select and use learning resources that work for you and evaluate your own learning.

In other words you must think critically and think independently.

This does not preclude working collaboratively and cooperating in groups.

As a starting point we need to find out

(a) what we need to know

(b) what we already know (eg. brainstorm session).

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