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Introduction to the Project on Bioethics for Informed Choices - page 12 / 115





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542Challenges for Bioethics from Asia

Researching involves about 5 steps:

1. Analyse

2. Find

3. Use

4. Take notes

5. Organise[AFUTO = A Funny Unicorn Took Opium!]

1. AnalyseBe sure what you are required to do. Don’t wander off the topic.

Examine the question carefully - what is being asked? What is not clear to you?

What approach is required? There is a difference between “discuss”, “compare”, “describe”.

Now apply this information you’ve had so far and start your study of this section of work. After you have completed your analysis you should have a ‘shopping list’ of items you will need to research information on. (Also put a brief comment in your log).

2. Find - Information can be sourced from a variety of places. 6 potential sources are:

3. Use - Consider others when using resources - you are not competing with your class members, you can all pass the exam! Sharing and booking of resources may be necessary.

4. Take notes - First you will have to read the information.

Note taking

Wait! Don’t rush into writing things down. Have a clear purpose. Write down only what you understand.

Identify sources by jotting down the book name and the page number.

Space your notes out so you can poke bits in later. The column system works well.

Start mind maps in the middle of the page.

Key points only - keep notes brief - most students take too many notes with irrelevant information. Always refer back to the required topic or task.

Depending on what type of mind you have, you may prefer lists, mind maps or spider-grams.

Interact or personalise your notes with colour, doodles or diagrams. Any triggers that help you to recognise a page will help. Write in your own opinions.

5. Organise your notes in a file. You will collect various pieces of information that will need to be collated. Be quite strict on this! Many students spend time and effort on extracting good material but then lose it.

Slow and repetitive reading is necessary to understand and critically evaluate the information. What is the writer’s viewpoint?

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