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Introduction to the Project on Bioethics for Informed Choices - page 35 / 115





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Bioethics Education565

3.3. An analysis of deontological codes and relevant legal acts.

 3.3.1. The so-called conscience clauses and their moral status in the context of the order of

           coming to patient's assistance.

 3.3.2. Corporatism & occupational chauvinism as influencing the quality of medical service.


The categories of virtue, dignity, duty & responsibility, supererogation, and justice as   

     applied in health care service.

4.1. The distribution of medical services & goods.

5. Eco-evolutionary status and paradoxes of medicine.

5.1. Axiology of medicine. The well-being of an individual vs the well-being of the species.

 5.1.1. The standing of health within the individual and social value-hierarchies.  

5.2. Trans-generational influence of medical/pharmacological practices on human &

       nonhuman population: the  perspective of Homo sapiens’ survival.    

 5.2.1. Population ethics: the impact of human ill overpopulation on the environment of life.  

5.3. Health as a factor contributing to environmental life-quality. The moral dimension of

       the relation Homo sapiens the  environment as a wholesome agent.

 5.3.1. The phenomenon of social iatrogeny: human over-dependence on medicine

 5.3.2. The category of wholesomeness agency (subjectivity).

6. Cognitive paradigms in medicine.

6.1. Ontology of well-being - practical consequences

6.2. The normal and the pathological - review of philosophical, sociological,

       psychological, and clinical conceptions.

6.3. Health and disease/illness as social notions. The culturally relativized criteria of


4.2. The Truth and the Good in Medicine - The Issue of Euthanasia

1. Fundamental questions: what is euthanasia? On what conditions, if any, euthanasia is morally justified  ?

2. Present status quo of mercy-killing in various legislative systems

2a. Law and morality in the context of contemporary bioethical controversies - cross-

     cultural review.

3. Identification of eu-thanasia within the typology of killing. The context of  thanatology.

3.1. The criterion of activeness/passiveness

3.2. Euthanasia interpreted as assisted suicide

 3.2.1. The theoretical and practical significance of the category of  Transcendental Subject

           of cognition and valuation

3.3. The criterion of voluntariness/involuntariness (non-voluntariness and counter-


4. The issue of double effect

5. The critical analyses of the notions of life-quality and life-sanctity

5.1. The concepts of personhood and dignity.

6. The moral convictions of health care professionals and practice generated by them.

7. The meanders of "slippery slope" argumentation.

8. Neonaturalistic postulative conclusions:

8.1. Goodness/badness and rightness

8.2. Rule-metadeontology (as referred to act-teleology)

9. Case studies

4.3.  Selected references (for Bioethics - part 2):

Beauchamp, T.L. & Childress, J.F., The Principles of Biomedical Ethics; Beauchamp, T.L. & Walters, L., (eds), Contemporary Issues in Bioethics (2nd ed)   ; Cassel, E.J., The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine; Fletcher, J., Euthanasia; Ph. Foot, Virtues and Vices; Forman, E.N. & Ladd, R.E., Ethical Dilemmas in Pediatrics; Garret, T.M. & Baillie, H.W. & Garrett, R.M., Health Care Ethics - Principles and Problems; Gillion, R., Philosophical Medical

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