first, the private mine owners make the miners work in the mines where they are in danger all the time. They have lost all their morality and human nature. Out of their own benefits, some fellows deceive the farmers who are eager to seek jobs into the private mines and murder them in order to get money from the miners. The movie is about naturalism. It depicts the darkness at the bottom of human beings and also reflects the waking up of one’s morality at a certain time. The director consider the theme of the life, the significance of life (evil and virtue) and final destination of taking and giving as a philosopher.
The conflict between will and system: the pursuit to life and freedom
Dead poets society Peter Weir, USA
The movie is mainly about how a group of students, with the help of Professor John Keating, who learn to choose their own lifestyle and struggle against the education system which binds up and oppresses them. The movie ends up with the suicide of a student and dismissal of Professor John Keating. “Make good use of your time and make your life different from others.”, Professor John Keating says to his students, and later in daily study and life, tries to lead them to the truth of life, using the ideals of poems.
Actually, in the real teaching process there are many uncertain factors. It’s very difficult to draw meaningful conclusion from pure theoretic research. Accordingly, only through detailed ethical practice and specific ethical conflict can one reach and grasp the key questions: What kind person shall I be? What kind of morality shall I have and how can I make all the moral decision? Where are my responsibilities and duties when my behaviors are likely to affect others’ health and situation? What should I do for the benefits of the society?
In most cases, conclusions are experimental, temporary and not necessarily correct. We are not allowed to adopt compulsory means, which doesn't belong to ethics. Moreover, in a society which is moving towards democracy, it is necessary to make all its members believe that the better solution of ethical problems is to reach agreements through discussion and dialogue.
Pollard: In your first movie, I find it strange that nature has no morals, no ethics, no emotion, if that’s what I understood about your talk. Nature has cooperation, symbiosis, mutualism. Nature cannot work without cooperation. Nature is an ethical creation. I think it has emotion too.
Wang: Nature has no morality.
Pollard: I realize that’s how the author used it, but it is misleading, that’s not quite accurate.
Wang: That’s not my personal opinion. I think nature has harmony and conflict.
Leavitt: I disagree with you Irina. I was once lost in the North East Woods in the United States during a snow storm. And I had a high fever. The snow storm was whirling and whirling, and I didn’t know which direction to go in. And it was obvious to me that the snow didn’t give a damn if I had died at that moment.
Macer: You have made all the philosophers happy with these debates on nature and Marxism.