where a job is likely to involve duties outside the UK where local law or custom prevent the duties being performed by a woman (or vice versa)
where the job is one of two to be held by a married couple or civil partners.
Public authorities wishing to apply a GOQ should first consider their staffing situation overall as the exceptions outlined above will not be available when filling a vacancy if the authority already has sufficient male (or female) employees who are capable of fulfilling the duties in question, whom it would be reasonable to employ on those duties, to meet their requirements without undue inconvenience. GOQs may only be applied on a post-by-post basis and not on a blanket basis. It is recommended that expert advice is obtained before applying a GOQ. Further guidance on the requirements and procedure for employers for claiming a GOQ is available on the EOC website or through the Helpline and from late 2007, the CEHR website.
Developments in the law on single-sex activities
The Discrimination Law Review may lead to changes in the exceptions outlined in the sections above, and public authorities should keep up-to-date with changes in the law. Such information will be on the Women and Equality Unit website , the EOC website and, from late 2007, on the CEHR website.