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Literature Review Summary

The literature review provided key insights into alternative funding sources. Both tax-

based and non-tax alternatives were identified. It was discovered that many local

governments have implemented nontraditional sources of revenue such as special

assessments, user fees, license and permit fees, inspection charges, subscription and

membership fees, cost recovery fees, and grants to offset some of the costs of providing

desired services.

PROCEDURES

Definition of Terms

Ad-Valorem. In proportion to value.

Assessed Valuation. Market value of real property based on mass appraisal by a tax assessor.

Fire flow. Flow of water, in gallons per minute, required to extinguish a fire.

Insurance Services Office (ISO). A non-profit agency whose primary objective is to provide a

tool for the fire insurance industry to measure quantitatively the major elements of a

municipalities fire suppression system.

Millage. Percentage applied to Assessed Valuation of property for purposes of generating and

collecting tax revenues.

Michigan Municipal League (MML). An association of Michigan’s cities and villages. The

MML is a nonpartisan organization working through cooperative effort to strengthen the

quality of municipal government and administration by providing technical assistance and

information to local officials regarding municipal issues.

Michigan Townships Association. A non-profit organization formed to provide technical

information and assistance to Michigan’s township governments.

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