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revenues has been drawn from year-end financial statements and is presented in Table 1.

Table 1 shows the revenue by category for the Harrison Township Fire Department since

1989. With the exception of 1998, where nearly $ 200,000.00 was allocated to the fire

department from fund balance, over ninety percent of the fire department revenue has

traditionally been drawn from special assessment or property taxes. Additional revenue is

generated by emergency medical service transport fees, hazardous materials cost recovery

fees, and investment interest income.

On June 23, 1980, Harrison Township adopted Ordinance Number 173, Ambulance

and Emergency Service Fees, which provided for the establishment of a fee schedule for

emergency medical transport (Harrison Charter Township General & Zoning Ordinances,

1994a). Table 2 shows the fee schedule pursuant to this ordinance.

On October 22, 1990, Harrison Township adopted Ordinance Number 267, Cost

Recovery. The ordinance states “The Fire Department shall have the ability to recover all

costs for the use of equipment, manpower and supplies associated with emergency incidents

involving spills or releases of hazardous materials or dangerous situations” (Harrison Charter

Township General & Zoning Ordinances, 1994b). Table 3 shows the fee schedule established

pursuant to this ordinance.

Research Question 2. Local units of government in jurisdictions where the property

tax base increases very slowly may find it challenging to maintain core community services

due to the provisions of the Headlee Ammendment (Harvey, 1999). Harvey (1999) further

states “capping individual assessments at five percent or the rate of inflation, while a

significant benefit to property owners, has been less than enthusiastically endorsed by

local governments trying to make ends meet” (p.2).

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