and describing their purpose and benefits (Berman, 1997).
The USFA (1993) offers the following observations regarding alternative revenue
sources for fire and emergency medical service operations (p.161-165):
Funding is a critical issue among fire and emergency medical service providers.
Local fire and emergency medical service departments should evaluate the wide array of techniques available to them, and consider which might be added to their existing repertoire.
Most local fire and emergency medical service departments are using a package of alternative revenue sources. Many alternative funding sources assist in dealing with inadequate taxing levels.
Some funding sources come with a hidden iceberg of problems.
Collection methods must be considered in adopting new fees.
Fire and emergency medical departments need to be aware of state and local constraints on revenue raising.
The funding crisis in local government can be used as an opportunity to rethink how fire protection and emergency medical services are delivered.
The choice of funding alternatives affects the viability of the fire department.
The choice of funding approaches is a major political decision of an appropriate sort in a democracy.