COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM AND PROSPECTS
The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)
The PRSP was adopted by the previous Government inM a y 2002 and then
reconfirmed by the new Government (GoM) in October 2002. The overall macroeconomic framework was then updated to take into account the impacts o f the C8te d’Ivoire crisis and was endorsed by the Bretton Woods institutions inMarch 2003. The strategic axes o f the PRSP are as follows:
Pre-RequisitePillar: Accelerated and Re-DistributiveGrowth. The growth objective i s the cornerstone o f the PRSP and must be sufficiently robust to ensure successful implementation o f the PRSP. To achieve growth, the G o M aims to continue macroeconomic and structural reforms and to facilitate the diversification o f production and exports through strengtheningthe supporting framework for development o f the private sector as the prime engine o f economic growth.
Pillar 1: Promote institutionaldevelopment while improvinggovernance and participation. Within a context o f decentralization, the G o M aims to reinforce institutional capabilities, improve public sector management through modernization and reform, combat corruption, strengthenthe rule o f law and the judiciary system, and reinforce civil society.
Pillar 2: Develop human resources and improve access to quality basic services. The strategy concentrates not only on improved, decentralized health (including population and nutrition) and education service delivery, but also on complementary living standard aspects, such as housing, water, and sanitation, as well as employment, social protection, and gender.
Pillar 3: Develop basic infrastructureand productivesectors. This pillar integrates the following development challenges: (iimproved transportation, energy, communications, and industrial zone infrastructure; (iia diverse and competitive primary sector that i s able to provide food security and national resource management; and (iiia business environment favorable to private sector development able to actively contribute to economic growth.
The G o M translated the ambitious program laid out inthe PRSP into the 2003-2005
program-budget. The PRSP builds upon a widespread consultative process (Box 1) and its poverty diagnostic i s based on the availability o f service delivery, spatial analysis and the effects o f poverty on health and education. Growth is the under-pinningo f the PRSP and the
three PRSP pillars target poverty reduction while identifying specific measures neededto integrate the poor and reduce gender as well as rural and urban disparities.
Assessment of the PRSP. The PRSP provides an overall credible poverty reduction
strategy. According to the Joint Staff Assessment (JSA), the following are the strongest areas o f the PRSP: (ithe consultative and participatory process, notwithstanding the large
size o f the country and i t s thinly spread population (see Box 1); (iithe poverty analysis,