Box 2: Poverty, Social Indicators and the MDGs (cont d)
The 2002 PRSP concentrateson developing basic social services (Le. primary school education, basic health infrastructure) which would set the foundations for a solid development framework. At the same time, the Ministry of Health staffacknowledgedthe need for the multi-sectoral approachand efforts are intensifying toward articulatingsuch an approachand the accompanyinginstitutionalmechanisms to support it. It is expectedthat once more o f the framework is in place, progresswill accelerate. Therefore, while Mali i s unlikely to reachmany o f the MDGs by 2015, it still may achieve several, notably education enrollment rates, particularlyas Mali i s eligible for the Education-For-All (EFA) initiative. With resourceconstraints being lifted as a result o f additional external support under EFA, the challenge will be to reinforcethe capacity and enabling administrativeenvironment to successfully implementthe GoM’s strategy and use available resources to reachthe MDGs.
The environmentaland sanitation MDGs also will need considerableattention from the GoM to make progress. Increasingpopulation pressures and urbanizationwill leadto large additional investment needs for water supply facilities and require increasedattentionto environmental issues to ensure that Mali’s development remains sustainable.
Malineeds to produce reliable, robust and current statistics in order to monitor progresstowards the MDGs. The establishment o f an effective Monitoring& Evaluationframework i s a core focus o f the Bank’s and donors’ work in the context o f their supportto the PRSP.
PRSP Pre-RequisitePillar: Accelerated and Re-Distributive Growth
Recent Macro-Economic and Growth Performance
The PRSP was preparedafter a decade-long period o f growth and good macro-
economic performance. Despite a number o f adverse shocks, real GDP growth has averaged
about 5 percent per annum between 1994-2002, enabling real per capita GDP to rise by 2.5 percent per year. The GoM has been successfulat limiting inflation to single-digit figures and reining inthe fiscal deficit inline with the convergence obligations under the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)regional integration agreement. Mali also made good progress on revenue generation with revenues reaching more than 17% o f GDP (well above the Sub-SaharanAfrica average).
Table 2: MacroeconomicPerformance 1999 and 2002
Real growth rates (%) GDP Exoorts GNFS
Shares o f nominal GDP (%) Gross domestic investment/GDP
Inflation(CPI for Bamako)
Source M a l i a n authorities a n d staff estimates