region. The ECOWAS Customs Union i s due to be inplace by 2007. The UEMOA also adopted a General Competition Law which sets rules and procedures related to cartels, abuses o f dominant positionwithin the UEMOA economic space, and state aid to enterprises.
Mali plays a key role in regional harmonization o f sectoral policies inpower,
transport, telecommunications, and agriculture. Potential markets inthe region for Mali’s
products include livestock products, fruits (mangoes) and even rice inthe mediumrun. But
success will dependon improvement o f business practices inthe region, development o f
market information systems (to be aware o f business opportunities) as well as the elimination
f non-tariffbarriers (including illegal payments at checkpoints) which dramatically slow the
speed and ease o f goods across the region. As a landlocked country lacking a viable transportation system, whose economy i s basedon the primary sector and raw materials, it i s extremely important that Mali be well integrated inthe western Africa region. The context i s all the more urgent considering the recent impact o f the CGte d’Ivoire crisis, which clearly displays the needfor further diversification o f trade routes within the region.
InMay 2002, Mali signed the Water Charter with Senegal and Mauritania, the other
members o f the Organization for the Development o f the SenegalRiver (Organisationpour la Mise en Valeur du Fleuve Se‘ne‘ga). This agreement provides a framework for the OMVS
countries to manage the SenegalRiver Basinmore efficiently. Guinea i s expectedto join soon. A similar effort i s also beginning with the Niger River Basin.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LAST CAS
Assessment o f Performance
The last CAS was prepared in a context o f strong growth achieved since the 1994
CFA franc devaluation and was basedon the 1997 Government strategy - Propositions Pour Une Croissance Durable et de De‘veloppement 2r 1’Horizon 2010. Within this framework, the Bank’s CAS was structured around two main axes: (istable economic growth; and (iisustainable human development.
Regarding the first axis - supporting stable economic growth- good progress was
made on growth and macroeconomic stability (see Para. 9) with the support o f the Bank’s
structural adjustment lending andthe IMF’s PRGF facility. The Bank also provided support to broad-basedgrowth by supporting the rural sector through the Grass Roots Hunger and Poverty Project (PAIB)4 and the Agricultural Services and Farmers Organization Project (PASAOP), and by expansion o f irrigated areas and building feeder roads through the Rural Infrastructure Project (PNIR). A Financial Sector Operation was also prepared to support the goal o f creating an enabling financial environment to allow for private sector-led growth (see Table 5 for Bank operations approved since the last CAS). The combination o f the SAC, Financial Sector Project and the Bank’s Analytical and Advisory Activities (AAA) program,
The Grassroots Hunger and Poverty project (PAIB) had already surpassedexpectations by reaching 186 villages and 172,000 people by the 2002 mid-term review compared to the original end-of-project goals o f reaching 130 villages and 130,000 people.