seven on-going Bank-financed operations from the last CAS (PRODEC, PRODESS, PAAA, FSDP, PASAOP, PNIR, and PAIB).
Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) needs to be conceived from the beginningby
all stakeholders. The 2003 CPPR revealed five active projects (ongoing: PASAOP, PPIP, PRODESS,PRODEC,and TSP) where insufficient M&E affects program quality. Adequate M&E resources which include necessary funds for training needto be allocated from the onset. Stakeholder involvement to determine indicators will better pinpoint not only how to
measure progress, but also the capacity limits o f doing so.
The right combinationo f instruments can create good results. A strikingelement
f Mali’s economic performance over the last decade i s that remarkable strides have been
made inrural development by an adequate combination o f policy reform, investment, technology improvements and strong donor coordination. This has been the case for cotton development, irrigated rice cultivation and, to a lesser extent, micro-finance and integrated rural development in southern Mali. This lesson has beentaken into account and guides the Bank’s assistance policy by prioritizing the Bank’s ability to mobilize and package structural adjustment, policy reforms, knowledge and investment around the PRSP.
Partners and Participation
Mali’s economic and political stability, progress on reform and participatory
traditions, and a large number o f active donors position it well for development partnerships. Overall, it i s expected that the PRSP will greatly facilitate donor coordination, particularly as the participatory process o f the PRSP involved all donors and because the PRSP lays out one comprehensive framework for all donor activities. As part o f the PRSP process, the G o M holds regular meetings with major donors (Commission mixte), chaired by the Minister o f Economy and Finance. Donors also meet among themselves on a monthly basis, with the chair rotating every six months and alternating betweenbilateral and multilateral partners. With respect to the UNsystem, the Bank participates intheir monthly coordination meetings; M a l i i s a Roundtable country and a meeting i s planned for December 2003.
Box 4: Mali s ExternalPartners
EuropeanUnionjust signed their 2003-2006 strategy with the GoM and will be principally involved inbudget support (Mali’s largest donor inthis area), the transport sector, and institutional development and decentralization and, to a lesser extent, supporting the Office du Niger, Malian culture, and civil society.
The UnitedNations System recently completed its 2003-2007 Development Assistance Framework (with participation from the World Bank). The activities o f the UNDP center aroundthe environment, governance, and education. WHO i s involved in several health programs. Human development in a broader sense i s supportedparticularly by UNFPA (reproductive and women’s rights) and UNICEF (children’s issues). F A 0 and WFP are active in food security, soil and water conservation(WFP also ineducation and nutrition). There is also a UNAIDS country program coordinator.
Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa supports transport and rural development projects, including potable water and irrigation schemes.
Islamic DevelopmentBank finances the Manantali dam, rural developmentprojects including potable water and irrigation schemes, and the construction o f health centers.