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France supports institutional capacity building and development, including for thejudiciary branch, decentralization, health and education, urban and rural infrastructure,including the ManantaliDam, and the transport sector.

Belgium supports decentralization, health and education, and rural development, mainly in livestockand water (for drinking and energy). I t also funds various initiativesthroughtrust funds, for example, the FY03 poverty assessment.

Canada i s very active in institutional development, notably in budgets and the judiciary system. I t also supports healthand education, rural infrastructure,includingthe ManantaliDam and the para-publicAGETIPE, urbaninfrastructure,the environmentand micro finance.

Switzerland intervenes very locally, usually in partnership with large, government programs, in rural development and the environment, governance and decentralization, supporting artisan industries, and small health programs.

The United States through USAID does not give direct government support, but channels funds throughAmericanNGOs in four areas: health, democracy (large decentralizationand civil society programincluding capacity building), education, economic growth, including trade promotion, financial sector development (notably micro finance), and agricultural promotion (highlighting the animal feed industry).

Germany i s active in supportingthe decentralization process and institutional development, health, education, professional training, child trafficking, rural developmentincluding naturalresource management, rural infrastructure, rural finance, and food security, communications, transport, and mines.

Sweden began interveningin Mali only since 2000, and currently provides budget support with technical assistance and i s active in education, private sector developmentin partnership with the IFC/WBG SME department, human rights and democracy, and i s consideringnaturalresource management through householdenergy (with participationfrom the Bank).

Saudi Arabia finances the ManantaliDam and i s involved in transport.

Kuwait also finances the ManantaliDam as well as several irrigation and hydraulicprojects.

65.

International NGOs and civil society are crucial partners in development activities in

Mali. Civil society i s vibrant with over 1,500 registered international and national NGOs and

as many as 2,500 national associations. Many organizations are well organized into three confederations, which recently created the National Council o f Civil Society Organizations

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    f M a l i to better channel civil society dialogue with G o M and the donor community.

Partnerships, more thanjust participation, are also becoming increasingly important in development activities. For example, civil society groups and international NGOs completely manage local capacity building and development projects through the Bank- supported Grassroots Hunger and Poverty project (PAIB).

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Inthe context o f its project portfolio, the Bank works inpartnership with a number o f

major donors inM a l i (see Attachment 5). With regard to the health program, coordination has improved considerably since the G o M institutedjoint missions and the donor community

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