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      The poverty assessment will also provide a rich basis for the preparation o f the FY05

Gender Assessment which will deepen and broadenthe Bank's work in addressing gender issues and will feed into the PRSP through facilitating a more gender-responsive agenda. Gender i s a crosscutting priority inthe PRSP and the Bank will be supporting several non- lending operations to support gender issues. Inconjunction with the Japan Social DevelopmentFund (JDSF), the Bank will support the capacitybuildingof community- based legal aid NGOs that target vulnerable groups (widows and orphans living with HIV/AIDS; victims o f harmful traditional practices). Further support to gender issues will be contributed through an FY04 IDF grant for InstitutionalSupport to the Ministry o f Women, Children and Family.


The planned Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) work inthe cotton sector

will evaluate the impact o f the cotton sector recovery program on rural poverty and propose policy recommendations to increase the impact o f cotton growth on poverty reduction. This analysis i s expected to yield qualitative as well as quantitative results which will feed into the

consultations regarding the next phase o f the reform program and help fine-tune implementation o f the program. A PSIA on macro-growth policies i s also proposed to be carried out in conjunction with the CEM.


The JSA highlightedthe lack o f a clear mechanism for Monitoring and Evaluation (M

& E) o f the PRSP as well as a complete list o f quantified results-oriented indicators. The Bank works closely with the G o M and other development partners to strengthenthe M&E framework and ensure a more results-based focus. The Bank's PER, MTEF and AAA support to statistical services will contribute to this goal. With respect to participation, the JSA highlightedthe needto institutionalize participatory mechanisms that involve stakeholders inthe implementation and M&E o f programs. Consequently, stakeholders and beneficiaries will be increasingly involved in determining indicators and measuring progress. A range o f Observatories (poverty, labor, social affairs, etc.) i s providing analyses and thematic studies on their sectors' status, the impact o f sectoral policies and makes policy recommendations. These institutions play a key role indissemination o f information. The GoM, with the support o f the Bank and donors, i s strengthening the dissemination aspect o f the M&E system through puttingthe focus on the establishment o f web-based networks o f interrelated databases to be developed progressively while, at the same time, strengthening o f

the communication system at the regional and community level.


The Bank will continue to provide support to developingM & E systems through a

variety o f instruments: (iunder the GRIP project, support i s beingprovided to the Sustainable HumanDevelopment Observatory (Observatoire du de'veloppementhumain durable - ODHD) and to the National Department o f Statistics (DirectionNationale de la Statistique et de 1'Informatique - DNSI)to improve decision making inpoverty alleviation

and to carry out the population census and a household survey. The ODHD i s operational and i s being supported also by UNDP; and (iiunder the proposed CBRD project, support will be extendedto the DNSIto enable them to carry out household surveys, monitor the evolution o f poverty inrural areas, evaluate the impact o f projects on poverty reduction, and help those projects better target poverty stricken communities and areas. The CBRD project will also continue the support provided under the Natural Resources Management project (now closed) to continue strengthening the Environmental Information Systems (EIS) and build capacity in several national agencies which are charged with environmental monitoring.

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