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reject the scope of the invention” to those embodiments); see also Boston Scientific

Scimed, Inc. v. Cordis Corp., 554 F.3d 982, 987 (Fed. Cir. 2009).

B. Independent Manipulation

The closer question is whether “distinct” requires independent manipulation of

the metacode map and mapped content. Several of the embodiments in the ’449 patent

allow the user to manipulate only the metacode map or mapped content. ’449 Patent

figs.4, 5, 6, 8. However, based on our review of the claim language, the specification,

and the prosecution history, we conclude that the claims are not limited to these

particular embodiments.

Generally, a claim is not limited to the embodiments described in the

specification unless the patentee has demonstrated a “clear intention” to limit the claim’s

scope

with

“words

or

expressions

of

manifest

exclusion

or

restriction.”

Liebel-

Flarsheim, 358 F.3d at 906; see also Teleflex, Inc. v. Ficosa N. Am. Corp., 299 F.3d

1313, 1327 (Fed. Cir. 2002). By the same token, not every benefit flowing from an

invention

is

a

claim

limitation.

See

Computer

Docking,

519

F.3d

at

1374;

Verizon

Servs. Corp. v. Vonage Holding Corp., 503 F.3d 1295, 1302-03 (Fed. Cir. 2007).

We

begin

again

with

the

claim

language.

None

of

the

claims

mention

“independent manipulation” of the mapped content and metacode map, an omission we

find significant. Had the inventors intended this limitation, they could have drafted the

claims to expressly include it.

Similarly, the specification refers to “separate,” rather than “independent,”

manipulation of the document’s architecture and content. The specification goes on to

describe the storage of the metacode map and content as “distinct and separate.”

2009-1504

10

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