Highlights Multiple benefits of krill oil Omega-3 fatty acids and ADHD Omega-3 better than Ritalin More positive research for vitamin D Childhood sun exposure and MS Vitamin D and cardiovascular risk NEWS BRIEFS RESEARCH REPORT – Cholesterol: A Review – Part I THE PROSTATE MONITOR
MULTIPLE BENEFITS OF KRILL OIL
resemble shrimp and range in length from one to six
the coasts of Japan and Canada. 100,000 tons of krill are harvested
While about annually, this
represents only about existing population. The
0.1% of the estimated oil extracted from krill is
low in contaminants mostly because very low in the marine food chain.
the krill are The health
benefits of krill oil have now been examined in randomized, placebo-controlled trials, the recent appearing early this year. We will discuss related earlier papers.
three most also
KRILL OIL AND INFLAMMATION
In a paper in 2007 in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Deutsch et al reported on a study of 90 patients with confirmed cardiovascular disease and/or rheumatoid arthritis and/or osteoarthritis. All had C-reactive protein (CRP) levels above 1 mg/dL. They were randomized into two groups, one receiving 300 mg/day of krill oil and the other a placebo. After thirty days of treatment, CRP levels decreased 30.9% in the oil group but increased 25.1% in the placebo group. Standard scoring methods for arthritis severity were employed
either 2-3 g/day on a BMI based dose, or 1- 1.5g/day. The fish oil control received 3 g/day of fish oil providing 540 mg/day of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 360 mg/day of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). For the krill oil group, 2 or 3 g/day resulted in similar changes in blood lipids (approximate values): total Cholesterol (TC), -18%,; LDL, -38%; HDL, + 57%; triglycerides (TG), -26%. The group on 3 g/d of fish oil had the following changes: TC, - 5.96%; LDL, -4.5%, HDL, +4.2% and TG, -3.1% . The placebo group had the following changes: TC, +9.1%, LDL, +13%, HDL +4% and TG, -9.9%. Thus Krill oil had, in comparison with either fish oil or a placebo, a very large impact on serum lipid levels in a direction considered by mainstream medicine to be very favorable. These changes are comparable or better than achieved by the statin cholesterol lowering drugs. The cohort excluded patients with familial hypercholesterolemia, pregnancy, alcohol or drug abuse, or the use of anticoagulant therapy. The authors comment that the bioavailability of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as EPA and DHA depends on factors such as the type of lipids with which they are associated and the physical state such as a lipid solution or a colloidal particle
The fatty acids in krill oil
are already is thought to
considerably enhance the
bioavailability. NKO from
Krill oil Neptune
symptoms during the Parameters included impairment.
initial 7- and 14-day periods. pain, stiffness and functional
Bioressources contains 150 mg EPA and 90 DHA per gram of oil. Thus the 2-gram dose
mg of of krill
oil which was as effective as the had lower EPA and DHA levels
3-gram dose and than the fish oil
KRILL OIL AND ELEVATED CHOLESTEROL In 2004 Bunea et al reported on a randomized trial of the effect of krill oil on cholesterol and triglyceride levels as compared with a normal fish oil or a placebo when the oil was taken over 90 and 180 days. Doses of krill oil were higher in this study than in the above inflammation study and were
used in comparison and yet achieved much favorable changes in the blood lipid profile.
International Health News