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MSCSW NEWS

2008 study in 20-50 year olds pinpointed ozone related reductions in attention, short term memory and reactive time. Researchers advise avoiding walk- ing, and running near traffic.

Scientific American Mind, 12/2009

disorder. And, 20-50% of people do not respond. This was a short-term and preliminary study. A five year follow-up study is underway.

Reported in Harvard Women's Health Watch January 2010

More proof for the power of relationships- Empathy heals. Patients whose doctors show concern recover from colds faster, in fact, one day faster. Empathy boosts the immune systems. Research demonstrated a direct relationship between a physician’s empathy level and the patient level of IL-8, a chemical that summons immune system cells to fight microbial virus.

Scientific American Mind, 12/2009

Caffeine and hallucinations- Consuming about 7 cups of coffee a day can make one 3X more likely to hear voices, according to a study in Great Britain. Caffeine heightens the physiological effects of stress and the release of the hormone cortical. Cortisol may trigger or exaggerate psychotic experience by increasing dopamine flow to the limbic area, in vul- nerable individuals. Hallucinations are more prevalent than commonly thought, occurring 5-10% in people who do not suffer from MI experienced delusions.

Scientific American Mind, 12/2009

DSM -V proposes revisions in PTSD diagnosis. A major change is the expansion from 3-4 symptom clusters, re-experiencing, avoidance, numbing, and arousal. An addition will be the presence of negative cognition and mood states. The necessity that the client must respond to a traumatic event with “in- tense fear, helplessness or horror” may be changed.

Clinical Psychiatry News, 12/2009

Seasonal Affect Disorder, light therapy not as effec- tive as cognitive behavioral therapy- Ten percent of Americans, about ¾ women have depressive symp-

toms

at

roughly

November or March.

the same time every year, Investigators at the University

Can accreditation improve psychologists' treatment of patients - How will this affect your practice. The Association of Psychological Science is looking into means to improve treatment methods. They have established an accreditation system which will certify training programs that focus on scientifically vali- dated treatments and instruct their students in the scientific method. The system would create a “seal of Approval” to show patients (and maybe insurance companies?) that a psychologist received this educa- tion.

Scientific American Mind, Jan/2010

Can this controversy really still be going on? Too Spank or not to Spank? A five year study by the family services division of the Amer. Psychological Assoc. concludes that par- ents and others should reduce and./or eliminate the use of physical punishment . A correlation was found between physical punishment and childhood anxiety, depression, behavioral problems and im- paired cognitive development. Yet, some task force members found this controversial, citing studies that showed other forms of punishment, such as groun- ding, timeouts, and restriction of privileges, also showed negative outcomes. The task force contin- ues its discussion, while 90 % of American parents still use this form of discipline and 70 % condone it. A long term researcher in this area, Murray A. Straus, points out that the correlation between spanking and negative outcomes is great than other research leading to public health interventions such as secondhand smokes relation to cancer, and the exposure to lead and children's IQ

of

Vermont

have

found

that

CBT

is

more

effective

than light due to the

therapy. Many consider this good news shortcomings of light therapy, which in-

clude

the

necessity

to

sit

under

lights

45

minutes

a

day,

eye

condition

risk

and

the

fact

light

therapy

can

trigger

mania

or

hypomania

in

people

with

bipolar

MSCSW Newsletter – Winter 2010

Page 9

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