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The statement of activities demonstrates the degree to which the direct expenses of a given function or segment are offset by program revenues. Direct expenses are those that are clearly identifiable with a specific function or segment. Program revenues include (a) charges to customers or applicants who purchase, use or directly benefit from goods, services or privileges provided by a given function or segment and (b) grants and contributions that are restricted to meeting the operational or capital requirements of a particular function or segment. Taxes and other items not properly included among program revenues are reported instead as general revenues.

The government-wide financial statement focus is more on the sustainability of the City as an entity and the change in the City’s net assets resulting from the current year’s activities.

C. Fund Financial Statements

The financial transactions of the City are reported in individual funds in the fund financial statements. Each fund is accounted for by providing a separate set of self-balancing accounts that comprises its assets, liabilities, fund equity, revenues and expenditures/expenses. The various funds are reported by generic classification within the financial statements. The City uses the following fund types:

Governmental Funds

The focus of the governmental funds’ measurement, in the fund statements, is upon the determination of financial position and changes in financial position (sources, uses and balances of financial resources) rather than upon net income. The following is a description of the City’s governmental funds:

  • 1.

    General fund is the general operating fund of the City. It is used to account for all financial resources except those required to be accounted for in another fund.

  • 2.

    Special revenue funds are used to account for the proceeds of specific revenue sources that are legally restricted to expenditures for specified purposes.

  • 3.

    Debt service fund is used to account for the accumulation of funds for the periodic payment of principal and interest on general long-term debt.

  • 4.

    Capital projects fund is used to account for financial resources to be used for the acquisition or construction of major capital facilities (other than those financed by business-type/proprietary funds).

Proprietary Funds

The focus of proprietary fund measurement is upon the determination of operating income, changes in net assets, financial position and cash flows. The generally accepted accounting principles applicable are those similar to businesses in the private sector. The following is a description of the proprietary funds of the City:

  • 1.

    Enterprise funds are required to be used to account for operations for which a fee is charged to external users for goods or services and the activity (a) is financed with debt that is solely secured by a pledge of the net revenues, (b) has third party requirements that the cost of providing services, including capital costs, be recovered with fees and charges or (c) establishes fees and charges based on a pricing policy designed to recover similar costs. An enterprise fund may also be used to account for any activity for which a fee is charged to external users for goods or services.

  • 2.

    Internal service funds are used to account for the financing of goods and services provided by an activity to other funds of the City on a cost-reimbursement basis.

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