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A MUSIC - SCIENCE CONNECTION (Instruments of the Orchestra)

Grade Level or Special Area: Music (Grade 3) Written by: Lois R. Sandberg, John C. Diehl Elementary School, Erie, PA Length of Unit: 6 lessons

I.

ABSTRACT This unit will review and introduce the families of musical instruments. We will review and increase our knowledge of the string and percussion families previously introduced in Grades 1 and 2. Students will be introduced to the woodwind and brass families of instruments. We will link this to the study of sound found in the science area of the Grade 3 sequence. Through listening, viewing, singing, experimentation and the creation of their own instruments, students will make the connection of music and the science of sound.

  • II.

    OVERVIEW

    • A.

      Concept Objectives:

      • 1.

        The students will review the string and percussion instruments previously presented in Grades 1 and 2.

      • 2.

        The students will become familiar with the brass and woodwind families.

      • 3.

        The students will identify by sight and sound the different instruments of the four families.

      • 4.

        The students will understand how sound is produced, and the qualities of sound such as pitch and intensity.

      • 5.

        The students will respond to the music-science connection by making their own musical instruments.

    • B.

      Content:

      • 1.

        Review the families of instruments: strings and percussion.

      • 2.

        Become familiar with brass instruments - trumpet, French horn, trombone, and the tuba.

      • 3.

        Become familiar with woodwind instruments - flute and piccolo (no reeds), clarinet, oboe and bassoon (with reeds).

      • 4.

        Discover through experimentation and observation that sound is caused by an object vibrating rapidly.

      • 5.

        Discover through experimentation and observation the qualities of sound: pitch and intensity.

    • C.

      Skill Objectives:

      • 1.

        Identify by sight and sound the instruments of the orchestra.

      • 2.

        Understand how the instruments are divided into families.

      • 3.

        Discover how the sound is produced on the different instruments and how and why the sound changes from one instrument to the next.

      • 4.

        Experiment to discover how to change the pitch and intensity of sound.

      • 5.

        Each student will respond to what they have learned by creating an instrument to play in an “orchestra”.

  • III.

    BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE

    • A.

      For Teachers

      • 1.

        Levine, Robert, The Story of the Orchestra. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 2001. ISBN: 1-57912-148-9.

      • 2.

        O’Brien, Eileen, The Usborne Introduction to Music (Internet-linked). Tulsa: EDC Publishing, Co., 2000. ISBN: 0-7460-3769-4.

The Music-Science Connection, Music (Gr. 3)

2002 Core Knowledge® Conference

1

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