Lesson Three: THE LOUD SOUNDING BRASS
The students will become familiar with the brass family of the orchestra.
The students will understand how the sound is produced on the brass instruments.
Learn about the brass family: trumpet, trombone, French horn, and tuba.
Identify by sight and sound the brass instruments.
Discover how the sound is produced in the brass instruments.
Discover how to change the intensity of the sound.
Posters of instrument families
Posters of individual brass instruments
CD or tape player
The brass section of the orchestra seating puzzle (Appendix A)
Available brass instruments (to show only)
“Meet the Symphony” rap (from Schoolhouse Rap CD) printed paper, and CD
Music examples: “Seventy Six Trombones” from “The Music Man,” by Meredith Wilson and “The William Tell Overture,” finale, by Rossini
Brass instruments - wind instruments made of coiled tubes of metal with a cupped mouthpiece such as: trumpet, trombone, French horn, and tuba.
Cupped mouthpiece - shaped opening, against which the player must adjust the shape of his lips and air pressure to produce a sound.
Valves - keys or levers that lengthen the distance the air must travel in the instrument.
Slide - the two-foot section that moves back and forth in the trombone to change the length of the tube with changes the pitch
Orchestra - symphony - interchangeable words to mean a large group of instruments playing together
Review the posters of the instrument families.
Display the posters of individual brass instruments.
Describe the brass instruments, why they are grouped together in this family and why they are in the back of the orchestra. (they are louder, higher intensity)
Add the brass section to the orchestra puzzle.
Demonstrate how the sound is produced on the brass instruments.
Ask the students to ‘buzz’ their lips (like a ‘raspberry’).
Explain how pitch changes in the different instruments - mouthpiece (change lips), valves and slide. (changes length of tube)
Why are these instruments grouped together in a family? (cupped mouthpiece)
Which brass instrument plays the highest sound? (trumpet) Why? (smallest)
Which brass instrument plays the lowest sound? (tuba) Why? (largest)
Lead the students in keeping the beat and playing the trombone while listening to “Seventy Six Trombones” from The Music Man.
Explain the ‘brassy’ sound of the trumpet by playing “The William Tell Overture” Finale.
Why are there only a few brass instruments in the orchestra? (louder sound)
Pass out the words to “Meet the Symphony” Rap.
Play the entire song once.
The Music-Science Connection, Music (Gr. 3)
2002 Core Knowledge® Conference