Explain that symphony is an interchangeable word for orchestra.
Slowly say the words in rhythm as the students follow along.
Have the students listen to section one of the CD and follow along.
All say the words together in a slow tempo.
Now all say the first verse with the CD.
While collecting the papers, ask the students about the sections of the orchestra that have been learned so far. Sample questions: Why does the brass section sit in the back? Why is the brass section so small? Why is the string section so big? Which family is the largest and why? How is the sound produced in the brass instruments? Use teacher observation to assess.
Lesson Four: THE MELLOW WOODWINDS
The students will review the string, percussion and brass families of the orchestra.
The students will become familiar with the woodwind family.
The students will understand how the sound is produced on these instruments.
Learn about the woodwind orchestra family: piccolo, and flute (no reeds), clarinet, oboe and bassoon (with reeds).
Discover how sound is produced on the woodwind instruments.
Posters of instrument families
Posters of the individual woodwind instruments
CD or tape player
The woodwind section of the orchestra section puzzle
“Meet the Symphony Rap” printed papers, and CD
Available woodwind instruments
A clarinet reed
A bassoon reed
Music examples: The Instruments of the Orchestra, by Randolph, CD I, The Woodwinds; Rhapsody in Blue, by George Gershwin; and The Prelude to the Afternoon of the Faun, by Debussy
Woodwind family instruments - Instruments that are cylindrical or conical tubes of wood or metal. They use levers or keys to change the pitch, and air vibrates in the tubes to make the sound. Instruments include flute, piccolo, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon
Reed - A piece of cane or fiberglass that is placed on some of the woodwind mouthpieces. When the player blows into the mouthpiece the reed will vibrate and make the air vibrate in the instrument producing a sound. Used on clarinet.
Double reed - two reeds together that vibrate against each other with in turn make the air vibrate in the instrument. Used on the oboe and bassoon.
Display the posters of the four instrument families.
Review the three families already studied.
Review the three sections using the orchestra section puzzle.
Display the individual posters of the woodwind instruments
The Music-Science Connection, Music (Gr. 3)
2002 Core Knowledge® Conference