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Fundamentals for the Consumer - page 4 / 31

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CONTENTS

ANATOMY OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE OUTLINE SUMMARY 18 STUDY QUESTIONS 27 SAMPLE TEST QUESTIONS 28

16

2. Variables, Research Problems, and Hypotheses 31

VARIABLES IN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

32

Constitutive

and Operational Definitions

32

Types of Variables

33

RESEARCH PROBLEMS 36 Sources for Research Problems

39

CONSUMER TIPS: CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING RESEARCH PROBLEMS 42

HYPOTHESES 46

Why Researchers Use Hypotheses Types of Hypotheses 47

46

CONSUMER TIPS: CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING RESEARCH HYPOTHESES 49

51

OUTLINE SUMMARY STUDY QUESTIONS 52 SAMPLE TEST QUESTIONS

53

3. Locating and Reviewing Related Literature 55

THE PURPOSE OF REVIEWING RELATED LITERATURE 56

Refining the Research Problem Developing Significance for the

56 Research

56

Identifying Methodological Techniques Identifying Contradictory Findings 57 Developing Research Hypotheses 57

57

Learning

About

New

Information

57

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