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WT/DS162/R/Add.1 Page i

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

III.CLAIMS AND MAIN ARGUMENTS1

A.REQUEST BY THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES FOR ENHANCED THIRD PARTY RIGHTS1

B.OVERVIEW OF THE CLAIMS OF THE PARTIES AND FINDINGS REQUESTED2

C.TRADE EFFECTS OF THE 1916 Act AND THEIR RELEVANCE TO THE PRESENT CASE4

D.THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY LEGISLATION AND ITS RELEVANCE TO THE PRESENT CASE5

E.ROLE OF THE PANEL IN THE PRESENT CASE18

F.APPLICABILITY OF ARTICLE VI OF THE GATT 1994 AND THE ANTI-DUMPING AGREEMENT21

1.Introduction21

2.The text of the 1916 Act21

3.The distinction between antidumping laws and antitrust laws27

4.The reach of Article VI of the GATT 1994 and the AntiDumping Agreement33

5.The historical context and legislative history of the 1916 Act37

6.US judicial interpretations of the 1916 Act43

(a)Relevance of judicial interpretations of the 1916 Act43

(b)Statutory interpretation under US law43

(c)United States v. Cooper Corp.45

(d)Zenith Radio Corp. v. Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. and In re Japanese Electronic Products Antitrust Litigation45

(e)Western Concrete Structures v. Mitsui & Co.51

(f)Geneva Steel Co. v. Ranger Steel Supply Corp. and Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp. v. Mitsui & Co.52

7.Statements by US executive branch officials55

8.Statements in relevant US government documents58

G.VIOLATIONS OF ARTICLE VI:2 OF THE GATT 1994 AND ARTICLE 18.1 OF THE ANTI-DUMPING AGREEMENT60

H.VIOLATIONS OF ARTICLE VI:1 OF THE GATT 1994 AND ARTICLES 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 AND 11 OF THE ANTI-DUMPING AGREEMENT70

I.VIOLATIONS OF ARTICLES 1 AND 18.1 OF THE ANTI-DUMPING AGREEMENT72

J.VIOLATION OF ARTICLE III:4 OF THE GATT 199473

1.The relationship between Article III:4 and Article VI of the GATT 199473

2.The 1916 Act standing alone and in comparison to the Robinson-Patman Act74

3.Element-by-element comparison of the 1916 Act and the Robinson-Patman Act83

(a)The pleading requirements83

(b)Intent requirement vs. effect requirement85

(c)The recoupment requirement88

(d)The available defences91

(e)The conduct subject to penalties93

(f)The litigation costs and business burdens94

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