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Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................................................................................. V BENEFITS OF THE PRIVATE WELL TESTING ACT .............................................................................................X PART 1: INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................1

SUMMARY OF THE NEW JERSEY PRIVATE WELL TESTING ACT ........................................................................2 WHO IS REQUIRED TO TEST AND WHEN? ........................................................................................................3 WHO DOES THE TESTING AND WHAT ARE ACCEPTABLE TEST RESULTS? ...........................................................3 HOW DOES THE DATA GET SUBMITTED TO THE NJDEP?.................................................................................4 WHAT IF CONTAMINANTS ARE FOUND?...........................................................................................................5 LIMITATIONS OF THE DATA.............................................................................................................................5

PART 2: PRIVATE WELL TESTING ACT TEST RESULTS .......................................................................7

DATA FROM THE PRIVATE WELL TESTING ACT PROGRAM...............................................................................9 PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS .............................................................................................................................9

  • 1.

    Bacteriological: Fecal Coliform or Escherichia coli (E. coli).........................................................9

  • 2.

    Inorganic chemicals ...................................................................................................................12

    • A.

      Nitrate.........................................................................................................................................12

    • B.

      Arsenic .......................................................................................................................................12

    • C.

      Mercury ......................................................................................................................................16

    • D.

      Lead ...........................................................................................................................................18

  • 3.

    Gross Alpha Particle Activity......................................................................................................18

  • 4.

    Volatile Organic Compounds .....................................................................................................19

SECONDARY PARAMETERS .........................................................................................................................24 WHAT ARE THE DATA TELLING US ABOUT PRIVATE WELLS?............................................................................25 LEAD TESTING RESULTS (VARIABILITY IN RESULTS) .....................................................................................28

PART 3: PRIVATE WELL TESTING ACT EDUCATION AND OUTREACH.............................................31

COMMUNICATION EFFORTS.........................................................................................................................31 EDUCATIONAL AND OUTREACH NEEDS ........................................................................................................31

PART 4: CASE STUDIES...........................................................................................................................33

PRIVATE WELL TESTING ACT CASE STUDY #1 - EVESHAM TOWNSHIP, BURLINGTON COUNTY........................33 PRIVATE WELL TESTING ACT CASE STUDY #2 - BYRAM TOWNSHIP, SUSSEX COUNTY ..................................33

Tables

Table E1: List of Private Well Testing Act Program Analytes ..............................................vii Table 1: List of Private Well Testing Act Analytes...................................................................2 Table 2: Regulated Volatile Organics Compounds, MCLs and Sources ............................22 Table 3: Summary of Volatile Organic Compounds Results ................................................23

iii

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