New Jersey Private Well Water Test Reporting Form
The Private Well Test Reporting Form is a standardized form to be used exclusively by laboratories reporting well test results to their client in accordance with the Private Well Testing Act Regulations N.J.A.C. 7:9E.
These laboratory analyses were completed for the purposes of complying with the Private Well Testing Act.
III. Recommendations for Additional Testing
The Private Well Testing Act regulations require well water samples to be collected from untreated or "raw" water. Raw water quality represents the well water quality. Additional water testing may be conducted to determine the effectiveness of a water treatment system or to determine if the distribution system (pipes) may be contributing additional contamination. In those cases sampling of treated or finished water at the tap is recommended. This additional testing of treated water is not required under the Private Well Testing Act regulations. For example, testing of finished water to determine the effectiveness of a treatment system to remove contaminants for a known, pre-existing water quality problem would be desirable. Below are recommendations for additional testing.
Scenario One: There is an existing treatment system or device installed at the house or building due to a known pre-existing water quality problem and raw water testing indicates that one or more parameters are above a Maximum Contaminant Level, Action Level, or Recommended Limit. NJDEP recommends that a second water sample be collected for the parameter(s) of concern at a location after the treatment system or device at a primary tap to insure that the system or device is working properly in removing or reducing the contaminants to below the applicable Maximum Contaminant Level, Action Level, or Recommended Limit.
Scenario Two: After testing, total and fecal coliform bacteria are found to be above the Maximum Contaminant Level. The well is subsequently treated via chlorine disinfection. Re-testing is recommended after a chlorine residual can no longer be detected to insure the effectiveness of the treatment.
Scenario Three: [FOR LEAD ANALYSIS ONLY] (Note: The Private Well Testing Act regulations require that a "flushed" sample be collected for lead analysis meaning the well water was run to remove any water that may have been in contact with the plumbing for an extended period of time). In scenario three, the flushed, untreated sample, collected at the tap, indicates there is lead contamination greater than 5 ug/l. The state’s ground water quality standard of 5 ug/l is the more appropriate standard to apply to a "flushed" water sample rather than the drinking water Action Level of 15 ug/l, which is based on sampling drinking water that has been allowed to remain in the plumbing for at least six hours.
If the interested party wants to better evaluate the level of potential lead contamination from the plumbing system, a “first draw” (non-flushed) sample should also be analyzed for lead. This “first draw” water sample may likely contain the highest level of lead to which one is likely to be exposed. The results of this sample should be compared to the lead Action Level of 15 ug/l. Results above 15 ug/l mean that there is a source of lead in the home plumbing system. The interested party may install treatment to make the water less corrosive and less likely to dissolve lead from the plumbing; may attempt to locate the source of the lead and remove it from the home plumbing system or may choose to run the water through the plumbing (or selected faucets) each morning to insure that the standing water is flushed through the pipes and is not consumed.
Remediation/Treatment Funding Sources
) The Spill Fund Program administered by the Bureau of Contract and Fund Management within the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection offers help to innocent parties suffering from direct or indirect damages resulting from the discharge of a hazardous substance. A property owner may file a claim for reimbursement for most of the expenses incurred to install a treatment device for a